SFG Update – October 2013

Winter vs Summer

I mentioned in a previous SFG post that, according to my research, if you live in the tropics, you can plant anything, anytime.

Not true.

Well, you can plant it, but it won’t grow.

This is what I think: there are two seasons in the tropics – winter, when most plants are dormant, and summer, when they wake up and take off with a vengeance!

I planted my Square Foot Garden bed in July, and the only things that produced a crop, were the snow and sugar snap peas, and the bush beans – I guess they’re a winter crop.

Most of the other seeds germinated, but the seedlings remained tiny until very recently.

I’ve had 3 failures – despite having tried three different Roma tomato varieties (a number of times), they have yet to germinate. I’m also having trouble with germinating the English spinach and Cos lettuce.

But I refuse to give up – there are hundreds of seeds in those little packets, and if I have to sow every last one of them, I will!

Harvest and Growth

After tasting the peas and beans, we finally understood why people grow their own vegetables – they were unbelievably sweet and tender – we became addicted, and ate them every night.

Sugar snap peas

Sugar snap peas in their prime

First harvest

The very first harvest – not many, but delicious all the same

I initially planted one square of bush beans (9 per square), and seven squares of peas (4 per square) – this yielded enough for the two of us over a couple of months.

I’ve since planted two more squares of bush beans, and have just replanted the square that got infested with mealy bugs.

Bush beans

Diseased bush bean square

Mealy bugs

Revolting!

Most of the pea plants are dead – I’m not sure if it was the heat, the dreaded mealy bugs, or simply that the season is at an end, as we were overseas when they started dying. I’m letting the remaining pods dry on the vines, so I’ll have more seeds for next year.

As an experiment, I recently planted a few sugar snap peas to see if they’ll grow through the summer.

I bought 3 small basil plants to go near the tomatoes, as basil is supposed to aid in their growth.

As I mentioned, the Roma tomatoes have yet to make an appearance, and the Grosse Lisse tomato has only just started to grow – in the meantime, the basil has gone berserk – I’m going to have to make pesto, or give some to our local Italian restaurant – way too much for the two of us!

Soil Composition

I didn’t find either vermiculite or peat moss before I started planting, so the soil is a mix of topsoil and compost.

I’ve since bought a bag of potting mix made from fertilised peat moss, and spread that around the seedlings.

Then I found perlite and coco peat – as I replant each square, I’ll mix some of both into the soil to aid with water retention.

For those of you living here – all of them were from Lolo Supermarket in Morcellement St André.

Fertiliser

Now that the plants are actively growing, I’ve started watering them with a seaweed extract every couple of weeks.

Plants

Herbs: basil, oregano, mint, parsley, thyme, spring onions (scallions), dill (not doing well – I think it’s rotting)

Veggies: carrots (baby), bush beans, snow peas, sugar snap peas, silverbeet (Swiss chard), parsnips, red onion, celery, Chinese celery, Grosse Lisse tomato, Roma tomato (one day), cos lettuce (also one day), English spinach (ditto), iceberg lettuce, capsicum (peppers), hot chilli

Fruit: strawberries

All that in a 5×10 foot space, and there are still plenty of empty squares.

So, as the bulk of it’s growing, I’d call it a successful first foray into the wonderful world of Square Foot Gardening.

I need a life.

Strawberry cage

A cage to keep the mynah birds away from the strawberries

Carrots

One of the carrot squares and silverbeet

Parsley and spring onions

Parsley and spring onions

Parsnips

Parsnips

SFG bed

Lettuces in the forefront

SFG bed

Tomato dwarfed by basil plants

Shaded from the afternoon sun

Shaded from the afternoon sun

SFG bedIf you’re interested in starting a Square Foot Garden, this website is the one I used to gather all the information I needed – it’s a one-stop shop!

Vegetable Seedlings – July 2013

Raised Bed Dimensions

Having actually worked on the Square Foot Gardening bed now, I understand why the recommended width is 4 feet – it really is difficult reaching into the centre of our 5 foot bed – it’s just out of comfortable reach.

Seedlings

It’s been three weeks since the first seeds went in.

My only successes so far are the snow and sugar snap peas, bush beans, and the tomato.

Peas and bush beans

Peas at the rear, and bush beans just starting to come up.

And this morning, I found the first tiny signs of the red chilli and capsicum. Woo hoo!

As each seedling gets big enough, I mulch around it with seaweed.

Nothing else has germinated. This is despite my running out each morning to check, seeing no growth, and yelling “Hurry up!!!”.

They do say you should talk to your plants.

There could be a few reasons for this dismal failure:

  • I planted the seeds too deeply
  • The seeds are too old
  • They’ve been dug up by cats
  • Vegetables are seasonal in the tropics
  • I’ve over/under-watered
  • I’m too impatient, and they will eventually germinate

As the germination period stated on the seed packets passes, I’m planting a second round of seeds, being careful this time to follow the “how deep to plant” instructions. If these seeds also fail to germinate, I’ll throw them out and buy new ones, as they’re probably too old.

I’ve replanted in the squares where the cats dug, and have taken steps to deter any future digging – more details to follow.

Other than that, I need to curb my impatience.

I’m hoping the reason isn’t that I’m a terrible sower of seeds. That would be a major problem!

Seedling Identification

Having never grown vegetables before, I don’t know what each seedling should look like. Consequently, as little green shoots started to appear, I wasn’t sure whether they were seedlings, or weeds that I needed to pull out. Sadly, they kept turning out to be weeds.

When the seeds do germinate (ever the optimist!), I’ll keep a photographic record of the seedlings, which I can refer to next season.

Seed Varieties

I’ve recently discovered a French brand called Tropica, which is specifically for the tropics.

For example, their iceberg lettuce is bred to be resistant to heat and bolting, and can be grown all year, whereas the normal iceberg will bolt to seed as soon as the weather starts to heat up. Sounds promising.

The lettuce seeds are dyed blue, which is a great idea, as they’re very small and normally hard to see once they’re on the soil. Why don’t all seed suppliers do that?

I’ve also bought seeds from Pick ‘n Pay – a South African brand called Starke Ayres. They have vegetables that I haven’t seen here before, like bush beans (dwarf beans).

Herbs

I think I made a mistake by mulching around the coriander and the thyme cuttings. After checking online, I found they don’t like to be kept too wet – they tend to rot. I should check these things earlier in the process.

So I’ve removed the mulch, and planted a second square of thyme cuttings.

The coriander is struggling but hanging in there, so I’ll wait and see what happens.

The spring onions are growing, but some are beginning to flower. As I need them, I’ll harvest the green parts, and leave the bulbs in the ground and let them re-grow. I’ll also sow the seeds from the flower heads when they mature.

I had no luck with the basil – I tried to root some in water, and planted others directly into the bed – they all died. I won’t bother trying that again.

Instead I bought basil and dill plants from Espace Maison, who have a good range of herbs at the moment.

I also bought some Chinese celery from there. It has very skinny stalks and a very strong (and slightly unpleasant when eaten raw) taste – but it’ll do for cooking until the celery starts growing.

Celery

Celery in front of more peas

Parsley is the herb I use most of, but the seeds are doing zilch.

Hurry up!!!!

Strawberries

I bought 12 strawberry plants from Grand Baie nursery, and planted 4 per square. I had to remove most of the soil from around the roots in order to fit them into the squares.

StrawberriesGrowing strawberries in the SFG bed requires you to cut off any runners that grow, allowing the plant to put all its energy into fruit production rather than into the runners.

I grew them in hanging baskets last year, and while we got some lovely berries initially, the plants got stressed and then died because the soil in the baskets dried out too quickly and too often, due to the wind and heat.

Once they start fruiting, I’ll need to protect them, as the mynah birds also found them delicious.

Maintenance of the SFG Bed

Finally, there’s a low-maintenance part of the garden – there’s not much to do other than daily watering, a little bit of weeding, and yelling.

Anyway, three weeks in, and it’s a case of so far, so good, if a bit slow.

Barring an insect attack or a freak cyclone, we could be harvesting our first home-grown veggies in a matter of weeks.

Well, maybe a pea or two.